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Cuba Revolution

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Cuba Revolution

Revolution in Cuba took place after much battle between the governmental forces and the guerrilla led by Fidel Alejendro y Ruz Castro. After a decisive fight Fulgencio Batista, the president left the country for the Dominican Republic.


On the 1st January 1959 with the overthrow of Batista government by Fidel Castro and the revolutionary comrades took the command of the Cuba.
At the dawn of the Castrist revolution, their leader Fidel Alejendro y Ruz Castro promised to redress the country; to promote freedom; eradicate corruption and re-establish trust between the governmental forces and the mass. To strengthen his allegiance towards the nation, he immediately applied reforms in different sectors and at the same time expropriated Batista’s fellow companions who remained in the country of their property for according to him they had stolen Cuba’s wealth and this for almost four decades.
The most important reform was no doubt the agrarian one. The big farms were taken from their owners and were created big state farms.

 

By December 1959, not even a year, another stage of the revolution took place with the moderate leaders in the revolt being eliminated from the instances of power to be replaced by extremist communist ones. Expropriation of properties and businesses, both domestic and foreign, continued on a large extent after the establishment of extremist communist in key positions in the state hierarchy.
In 1961, the invasions of the Bay of Pigs, Playa Giron, by the Americans and Cuban exiles strengthened Castro’s position of at the head of the state both inside and outside Cuba. The anti- revolution groups were exterminated inside Cuba. Fidel Castro openly affirms himself as a communist.


The government was declared socialist and schools parochial and private were nationalised. There were literacy campaigns across Cuba and students, the ‘literacy brigadistas’, were sent in the countryside to educate the people. Schools and state administered hospital, community welfare centres were opened in all provinces. The health and education system changed. The Clergy were sent away from Cuba and religious practice discouraged as the churches were believed to be nurturing anti-revolutionary groups.
Cuba came to a point of no return with the Marxist Leninist ideology of an equal and classless society where no ‘exploiter’ and no ‘exploited’ existed. In communist Cuba there existed neither a privileged class nor a middle class as they fled to Florida, America.


By the middle of 1961, Fidel Castro created a one-party system merging all the fellow comrades of different fronts join the Communist Party. Rural Cuba saw the growing of national cooperatives and peasant became state employees’ big state farms.
But by 1987 to 1992, the reforms started since the revolution was halted with the collapse of the western block, the Soviet Union.


There was a wave of change as the big state farms were parcelled and lands were given to farmers for a sustainable agriculture. No machinery and fuel as well as fertilizers, the state began an ecological agriculture in rural and urban Cuba. They resorted to traditional techniques in planting and growing in the fields as well as developed polyculture crop rotation and organic fertilizers. This proved to be a success. Cuba opened its frontiers to outside world which brought in foreign currency thus making life better for its citizens. From communist Cuba turned to become socialist. Now with the handling over to Rau Castro, Fidel Casto’s younger brother last July 2006, the question whether Cuba transit towards a free economy or stay one of the last bastion of socialist communist in Latin America and the world.
 

 



 

 

 

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