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Cuba History

Cuba is an island located between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean. Officially Cuba is known as the Republic of Cuba. Cuba has been discovered by Christopher Columbus, a maritime explorer and a navigator. Christopher Columbus was born in 1451 and passed away in 1506. The explorer Columbus discovered Cuba during his first voyage. When Christopher Columbus discovered the island of Cuba, he claimed it for Spain.

Flag of Cuba

Cuba was discovered in October 1492. The Taino and Ciboney were those who inhabited Cuba during centuries before. These people were known as Amerindian and their ancestors were from South America. The Taino and Ciboney were two groups of people, the Ciboney were hunter gatherers and the Taino were farmers.

The capital and largest city of Cuba, Havana, was founded in 1515.The settlement from Spain was established by Diego Velazquez de Cuellar in 1511 at Baracoa. Cuba has been governed by Spain for around three hundred and eighty eight years with a governor in Havana. At this period the economy of the island of Cuba was mainly the exportation of sugar cane, tobacco and coffee.

Cuba got its independence in May 1920. The first president of Cuba after its independence was Tomas Estrada Palma. But as Cuba got independence they got a lot problems and difficulties due to these problems the country ran into corruption.

El Capitolio Cuban Academy of Sciences Havana

In 1908 Jose Miguel Gomez was the president and self government was restored in Cuba. Until 1925 constitutional government was maintained as Gerardo Machado y Morales became the president of Cuba, the constitution was suspended. Gerardo Machado was a nationalist from Cuba. During his rule over Cuba, the Cubans got more controls over their economy, but when the Great Depression arrived everything went down in Cuba and brought more and more people to poverty.

In 1933 Carlos Manuel de Cepedes was decided as president from the Cuban army. Some months after, Fulgencio Batista, a sergeant, led a coup, which brought Ramon Grau San Martin to control Cuba, his government only lasted one hundred days but they made severe changes in Cuba. The real controller of Cuba was Batista and his army who threw out Ramon Grau San Martin in 1934 to replace him by Carlos Mendienta y Montefur. Fulgencio Batista decided in 1940 to become himself president, but Ramon Grau San Martin did accept to support him, due to this he went to find support by the Communist Party of Cuba which got more and more influence on the country during the 1930s. Supported by the communist party, Fulgencio Batista became the president of Cuba.

The sergeant Batista took Cuba to the World War and declared war against Germany and Italy in December 1941 and to Japan too. In 1944 Ramon Grau San Martin succeeded Batista as president. But during his rule on Cuba Batista and the Communists were most of time against the programs of Ramon Grau San Martin. In 1948 the minister of labour of Ramon Grau, Carlos Prio Socarras was elected as president.

Fidel Castro entered in the picture during 1965 with a party of rebels and nationalist who came in a boat from Mexico. Fidel Castro went to Mexico to serve his sentence after having been released from Cuban prison.

Batista and his army killed most of the nationalists, but some of them survived and stayed in the mountains. At this period it was revolution in Cuba. The rebels tried to invade the towns and they captured Santa Clara and came in the capital, Havana, in January 1959.

In 1959 Fidel Castro became the Prime Minister of Cuba and ruled over the country until July 2006 where he passed his power temporarily to his brother for medical problems but did not resign to his post. So it can be said that Cuba is still governed by Fidel Castro.





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