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Cuba Embargo

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Cuba Embargo

Fidel Castro has been using the United States embargo to explain the disastrous economic situation in Cuba. Many Cuban exiles living in Florida wanted to blockade the country economy, thereby provoking an uprising in the Cuban society and as a result force the communist regime to change its policy. But this action failed, Fidel Castro, the father of the Cuban revolution of 1959 and a charismatic leader, has by rhetorical tactics maintained his power. He dealt with the Cuban inside by closely monitoring them in educational institutions, through adherence to the party ideology and indoctrination by media.

The road taken of the Cuban nation has its roots from the War of Independence. Indeed, Cuba has been under American occupation. This country when it became an independent nation remained attached both politically and economically to the United States till the 1950s.

The revolution of 1959 was a nationalist upheaval aiming to bring about a real independent Cuban nation.
However Cuba turned out into communist country after the revolution with the American embargo. At the beginning, Fidel Castro promised democratic elections and one year after he openly admitted his communist Marxist Leninist ideals.

The nationalisation of US companies, the closing down of casinos, the re-establishment of diplomatic relationship with the soviet block and the Agrarian Reform Law which expropriated 75 % of arable land of foreign investors (of which 90% were American) contributed in 1961 to the breaking off diplomatic relations between Cuba and the United States. As they failed to oust out Castro regime by the Bay of Pigs invasion, the Americans interdicted travels to Cuba. The CIA also tried to kill Castro, and the Cuban President on the rebound adopted openly communist ideals.

The aim of the embargo which was to pressure the Cubans home to revolt against Castro has been the most rigorous in US history. The embargo consisted of the maintenance of country presence in the others capital, but no Americans were authorized to trade, travel or invest in Cuba. Only Cuban Americans were permitted to visit their family and by the same time their country only once a year.

There were also medical ban and shipping restrictions which had a direct effect on the Cuban economy. They raised the cost of medicines and pharmaceutical products. In 1991 Mikhail Gorbachev with the collapse of the western block, stopped soviet aid and this provoked an economic depression and poverty in Cuba.


The disintegration of the USSR brought a change in Cuban foreign policy; it opened its doors to overseas investors among others Pernod-Ricard and Bacardi, a Bahamas based corporation who fled the revolution in 1959. In 1996, Bill Clinton backed Cuban Democracy Act promoted by New Jersey’s former senator Robert Toricelli. In 2000, the ban on food sales to Cuba was lifted by the Trade Sanctions Reform Act signed by Bill Clinton before he left office. As time went on, Cuban Americans curtailed the ban on travel once a year by passing though developing countries of the region and there were no limits on money sent families, a source of revenue to the Cuban economy and a way for the regime to undermine the US embargo.


There was loosening in the embargo towards Cuba in December 2001. As embargoes diminish the credibility of the American as a nation abroad, the senates and house lift the travel ban putting an end of unilateral trade and travel embargo. To counterattack the revolution, Americans are travelling now bringing a message and dream to Cubans of a free democratic Cuba. Some Cuban exiles, mainly those living in Florida, wanted an intervention of the same scale as Iraq to overthrow the Cuban president, but their position has changed. They now want a gradual transition for a war in Cuba would cause enormous disasters. War would force Cubans to find refuge in Florida and many resources would be needed to look after the refugees on the shores of Florida.


Moreover, with the moving of Cuba from communism to socialism in the first run and a mixture of socialism and capitalism by now with the gradual market economy is creating a transition towards a free and democratic Cuba.
However, the only persons who have been suffering form the embargo in the Cuba are the American businessmen who have been deprived of the profits and opportunity to invest in this country while the Spanish and European countries have been allowed to trade and benefit from the exploitation of the poor labor low wage and salary paid to the Cuban workers.


The work force in Cuba with a one party system has no rights no union to talk for them no fringe benefits.
Furthermore, if American embargo has ended, internal blockade has been used by the Cuban government to maintain his power and enriching themselves. While products are being manufactured in Cuba and exported, they are not available on the Cuban markets.


For example wood are only accessible to foreigners while Cuban have no roofs tops over their heads.





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