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Cuba Batista

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Cuba Batista

Ruben Fulgencio Batista Zaldivar was born on January 16, 1901 from a humble family working in the sugar plantations in Banes, in the Province of Holguin. He was a mulatto (mixed origin), an avid reader and a self-made man. He married twice first to Eliza Godinez then to Marta Fernadez Miranda. He had three children of his first marriage and two children of the second one.


Ruben Fulgencio Batista Zaldivar started working at a tender age and at twenty bought a ticket to Havana to join the army. In 1932, he became sergeant and was the union leader of the army. On September 4, 1933, he launched a coup, the Sergeant Revolt, against the provisional government of Carlos Manuel de Cèspedes. This marked the start of the army influence in the administration of Cuba.

 

 

He forced the provisional President Ramon Grau San Martin to resign. From 1934 to 1940, Batista ruled afterwards in the shadow of puppet presidents. His rule was characterized by corruption in the government and the armed forces of Cuba. Friends of both the mafia and American interest in Cuba, many of his enemies and opponents to his regime were killed. Bugsy Siegel was assassinated by the mafia, Antonio Guiteras was killed by the governmental forces as well as members of the troops which helped him to oust out the previous government.


In 1940, supported by his allies and communist parties, Batista was elected as President defeating his opponent Grau San Martin. Under his presidency, there was an increase in the commercial relations with the United States and also taxes on Cuban citizens. He also amended the constitution.

 

Cuba Batista

In the 1944 elections, San Grau won. Batista was defeated and he retired to Florida till 1948.
Twenty years after the ‘Sergeant Revolt’ and unsure of the poll, Batista launched a second coup on March 10, 1952 overthrowing the President Carlos Prios Socorras three months before democratic elections. In the same election, Fidel Castro, a young lawyer, was concurring for a different post.

  
On 27 March 1952, 17 days after Batista seized power illegally, his government was recognised by US government. During his second access to power organized crime, gambling, corruption and abundance of those close to power prevailed in Cuba at the expense of the public welfare and development for example education, health care.   This created social unrest in the country.

A year after he established his government, a group of revolutionaries lead by Fidel Castro attacked Moncada Army Barrack. The latter was unsuccessful. In order to counterattack his enemies, Batista ordered to kill 10 rebels for every dead soldier. The remaining members of the guerrilla, among them Fidel Castro, were imprisoned.


On May 15, 1955, sure of his power Batista freed Fidel Castro and his comrades. But the governmental police forces looked for the revolutionary leader a few weeks later to kill him and together the revolution. Fidel and his troops exiled to Mexico to prepare for the revolution.


In the late1955, there were again student riots, social upheaval and anti-batista demonstrations on the streets. Instead of changing its policy, Batista strengthened his undemocratic actions by censoring the media, legalizing violence and suspending the rights of the citizens. No one was allowed to wander in the streets at night without a repression. This booted up the decline of the Batista era.


In 1956 the Castro brothers, Fidel and Raul and Che Gueveras arrived at Granma, Cuba and started to fight against the government forces.


By that time Batista regime lost all the support of US government. On 1 January 1959, Batista submitted his resignation and moved to Portugual, then Spain where he wrote for the rest of his life. He died on August 6,1973 in Guadalmina, Spain.

 

 

 

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