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Cuba Before Castro

          Travel Cuba Before Castro

Cuba Before Castro


From 1952 to 1958, Ruben Fulgencio Batista Zaldivar ruled Cuba. He gained power by launching a second coup on March 10, 1952 overthrowing the President Carlos Prios Socarras three months before democratic elections. Seventeen days after Batista seized power; his government was recognised by United States. This man of humble origins entered the Cuban political history and scene with the September 4, 1933, the Sergeant Revolt. Since then the army has regulated the administration, life and policy of Cuba.


In 1940, after Batista won the election and became the president. In order to win public support, Batista amended the constitution making provision for the Cuban society’s welfare. The life in Cuba improved a lot. Public health, education and public administration offered better services. Rural hospitals were built.


Schools were opened across rural Cuba under the army’s control. The minimum salary of public and private officers and workers increased. The big landowners did not appreciate. The governmental forces got a better treatment in exchange of their loyalty towards their president.


They earned a better pay pension and were granted a good medical care. Indeed, there was an increase in the commercial relations with the United States and also taxes on Cuban citizens. An era of prosperity flowed on Cuba under Batista.

President Batista also cancelled elections and dissolved all political parties. About a year after the coup, in July 26 1953, a guerrilla under the leadership of Castro attacked Moncada Barracks.

The civil society was calling for free election and the re-establishment of democracy.


This was then the start of riots and unrest in the country for the government neglected to deal with the economic and social problems in the country. With the deletion of Dialogo Civilo, organized crime, gambling, corruption flourished in Cuba and there were a halt in public and development welfare.

Though the salary and doctor per capita in all Latin America was rated best in all Latin America and literacy rate was 76%, people waited on boarders on road of rural Cuba to get a transport and get access to health care.

In order to counterattack his enemies, Batista riposted with equal energy against his opponents. In the countryside terrorism was matched with counter terrorism and in urban areas underground resistance groups formed.

Cuba Before Castro

Late1955, instead of changing its policy, Batista strengthened his undemocratic actions by censoring the media, legalizing violence and suspending the rights of the citizens. With curfews, no one was allowed to wander in the streets at night without a repressive actions or imprisonment.


This boosted up the decline of the Batista era. In 1956 the Castro brothers, Fidel and Raul and Che Guevera arrived at Granma, Cuba and started to fight against the government forces. With accumulated defeats against the guerrilla, Batista left Cuba on the night of 31st December 1958, together with many members of his troops.

Pre- Castro era was characterized by corruption in the government and the armed forces of Cuba.




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